Setting up a Sia Host on Ubuntu Server#
This is a technical guide to setting up a new host from scratch on Ubuntu server using only the terminal. To learn more about the basics of Sia hosting read our hosting article. This guide should be similar for any other Linux distributions.
Install the latest version of siad by going to the official website and downloading the latest zip file of Sia Daemon for your operating system from https://sia.tech/get-started. This guide has been written for v1.5.6.
You can download the files and extract them using
$ wget -q https://sia.tech/releases/Sia-v1.5.6-linux-amd64.zip $ unzip Sia-v1.5.6-linux-amd64.zip $ sudo mv -t /usr/local/bin Sia-v1.5.6-linux-amd64/siad Sia-v1.5.6-linux-amd64/siac $ rm -rf Sia-v1.5.6-linux-amd64.zip Sia-v1.5.6-linux-amd64
Creating a system service#
By creating a systemd file we can start Sia whenever the server is booted instead of starting it manually. Run the following command to create a new systemd unit file:
$ sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/siad.service
Then, modify the following snippet to fit your host and then paste it into the file. You will want to change
asecurewalletpassword to a more secure wallet password.
Description=siad After=network.target [Service] Type=simple ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/siad -M gctwh -d /home/ubuntu/siad ExecStop=/usr/local/bin/siac stop Restart=always RestartSec=15 User=ubuntu Environment="SIA_WALLET_PASSWORD=asecurewalletpassword" [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target Alias=siad.service
$ sudo systemctl start siad $ sudo systemctl enable siad
Your Sia node should now be running and accessible. You can try out a few commands to test it:
$ siac consensus Synced: No Height: 0 Progress (estimated): 0.0%
$ siac gateway Address: localhost:9981 Active peers: 0 Max download speed: 0 Max upload speed: 0
Creating a Wallet#
You should now create a wallet. You will need the password you set in your systemd unit earlier. I will be using
asecurewalletpassword. Wallet seeds should not be shared between hosts, so we will be generating a new recovery seed. When prompted type in the wallet password you chose.
$ siac wallet init -p
Wallet password: Confirm: Recovery seed: sneeze toyed nerves soothe imbalance bite maps inquest obnoxious sovereign hydrogen pact quick sipped scoop language gossip acquire western dwelt hairy fossil goodbye hills dyslexic sword tossed psychic Wallet encrypted with given password
A new 29 word wallet seed will be generated. Save this seed somewhere secure, if something happens to your server you will need it to recover your Siacoin. Secure Seed Management
You should now unlock your wallet with. In the future, when starting Sia your wallet will automatically unlock.
$ siac wallet unlock
The last step is to generate an address to send Siacoin to:
$ siac wallet address Created new address: b96540b9eb96424827fe4d65bb618201c90eb2096908442746e6f29553159b4bf70a030f8cf9
You can now send Siacoin to this address to fund your host, however the funds will not show up until you are fully synced.
Hosts need Siacoin to form contracts, post collateral, and provide storage proofs. It is important to keep at least a little balance in your wallet at all times. Around $10 USD in Siacoin is enough to get started, but you may need to add more as it gets locked into storage collateral.
Wait for Sync#
Now we need to wait for our host to fully synchronize we can check progress with the following command:
$ siac consensus Synced: No Height: 34030 Progress (estimated): 10.8%
Add Storage Folders#
Now you can add storage folders. I am going to assume that any external drives are already mounted and formatted. I am going to be adding a 1TB folder mounted at
$ mkdir -p /mnt/data/sia/storage01 $ siac host folder add /mnt/data/sia/storage01 1TB
I am going to be setting my host's storage price to
85 SC/Tb/mo (around $1.50 USD), download price to
170 SC/Tb (around $3.00 USD), and collateral to
170 SC/Tb/mo (
2x storage price). Due to a bug, I will also be setting my collateral budget to
100KS. You can see all of the configuration options by typing
siac host config --help
$ siac host config minstorageprice 85SC $ siac host config mindownloadbandwidthprice 170SC $ siac host config minuploadbandwidthprice 0H $ siac host config collateral 170SC $ siac host config collateralbudget 100KS
Setup Host Registry (Optional)#
The Skynet registry is a key value store for storing really small data. The host does not have to post collateral for data stored in the registry, so there's no risk of losing money if you lose the stored data. It is completely optional to enable.
Pricing is based on your storage and bandwidth prices. Updating a registry key costs the renter 5 years of storage + bandwidth. Reading a registry entry costs the renter the equivalent of 10 years of storage + bandwidth.
The recommended registry size is 4GB, it is stored with your consensus data.
$ siac host config registrysize 4GB
If you have a firewall or router you will need to forward/open TCP ports 9981-9983. How to do so is outside of the scope of this guide, there are tutorials available for most routers/firewalls available on Google.
Now that you have setup your host, all that is left is to announce. Most hosts like to setup a custom DNS for their hosts such as
host.siacentral.host:9982. If you have a dynamic IP, it is recommended to use a dynamic DNS service to update your IP automatically when it changes. Substitute your domain or IP in the following command:
$ siac host announce your.ip.or.netaddress:9982
siac is the utility used to interact with a running Sia node you can list commands available or get usage information by adding
--help to the end of any command:
$ siac wallet --help $ siac host --help $ siac host folder --help
Updating Your Host#
It is important to keep your host up to date. To update:
1. Download and unzip the latest release from https://sia.tech/get-started
2. Stop the siad service with
sudo systemctl stop siad
3. Replace the
siac binaries at
4. Start the siad service
sudo systemctl start siad
Host Monitoring (Optional)#
You can optionally install Sia Central's Host Dashboard to monitor your host's financials using a convenient web interface: https://github.com/siacentral/sia-host-dashboard
Written by: Nate, Last Edit: April 14, 2021